Strategies and Methodologies

  Landscape improvement campaign has been implemented for ten years. The policy for the third phase of the landscape renovation focuses on the division of labor between central and local governments, as they cooperate to create quality, sustainable and competitive cities and towns. The landscape program introduced by the Construction and Planning Agency of the Ministry of the Interior should be elevated. Traditionally, the program provided subsidies for individual improvement projects. In fact, the program should take a more active role, and function to stimulate structural transition and re-development.

  Keeping the experiences of previous landscape programs, new landscape improvement policies will transform into including “Sustainable Territory” thematic competition and “Township Prosperity” and “Building Ecological Cities”. Subsidies are granted to various landscape campaigns and activities that will improve living and environmental quality. Instructions are given at different stages and supports are rendered in various ways. Recipients of the subsidies are local governments.

1. Launch “Sustainable Territory” thematic competition to subsidize winners to maximize the benefits of the policy.
  Regional integration is the global trend when it comes to economic development, social development, urban development and landscape development. Recognizing the competition among cities is of course an important drive but “inter-city cooperation” and “regional cooperation” can contribute more to effective use of resources, improving performances, maximizing the benefits for the country and the general public. Rural and urban landscape is one way to measure a country’s competitiveness. The central government commanded to launch a landscape renovation competition in the name of “sustainable territory” to encourage local governments to participate in the renovation of cities and towns. This is also a platform to discuss common problems, demands and solutions. Through innovative dialogues, brainstorming and planning, feasible integrated proposals may be initiated. These integrated proposals may disregard social, economic and political restrictions and develop the substantive environment in Taiwan systematically and open up new opportunities.
  The framework and experiences for the competition form the foundation for the next step. Based on regional landscape improvement programs, various themes are developed, for example, a theme for the blue belt or green belt. In ecological terms, blue belt refers to wetland, coast, and river while green belt refers to greenery and forest.
  To maintain the quality of competing proposals, and encourage city and county governments to cooperate with each other, regional landscape programs are better because they cover more than one administrative zone. It is scheduled that two competitions are organized, one in 2009 and the other in 2010. The best 3 (or 5) proposals in the competitions will be granted funds. The best proposal will receive at most 250 million NT dollars. See competition regulations for the exact amount. To allow more time for careful execution, the operation time for the proposals may be prolonged from 2 years to 3 or 4 years.

2. The promotion of “Township Prosperity” a policy-guided program, should cooperate with urban regeneration to assist local government establish autonomous renovation mechanism 
  To achieve “aesthetic territory”, when drafting future township programs, it is important to stress on urban design and integrate industrial development, humanity and history, nature and ecology, and space quality to the programs. The experiences from previous renovations should be maintained. Future plans should be reviewed and strengthened to boost prosperity in local economies.
  In the future, urban design outlines proposed by local governments will have a higher priority for subsidies. Themes about the improving living and environmental quality including, ecological park greenery system, commuting green corridor, public living space system in towns, and urban living hubs and squares, will be adequately positioned based on the feature of township development. This will help identify city identity. Heads of local governments are encouraged to play on creativity. The idea of “Packaged programs” will integrate the financial resources from central government to local governments. A series of connective and remedial plans will be drafted to maximize the benefit of resources to start new movements and promote new values of landscape improvement and industrial prosperity.
In addition, urban regeneration plans will be carried out across Taiwan, and the financial subsidies provided by policy-guided programs will be aligned with urban regeneration. The administrative capabilities and profession of local governments will be transformed and improved. Subsidies and counselling will be focused on how to encourage private sectors to participate in landscape improvement and how to share new local urban regeneration cultures.
3. Encourage and reward urban environment improvement programs that are ecology-friendly to support sustainable territory policy and aesthetic development policy
  Taiwan is pursuing sustainable ecology and environment justice, but it is trying to improve national competitiveness as well. Facing the challenges, landscape improvement programs need to assume new mission: territory space development and aesthetic development. In addition to paying more attention to environment quality, pursuing quality and aesthetic touches, landscape improvement programs need to assume the responsibility for ecology and environment too. 
  Both “Sustainable Territory” and “Township Prosperity” follow the directions of the policy “Green Buildings and Ecological Cities”- the program was approved by the Executive Yuan on January 17, 2008, and the approval number is Tai Jian 0970080652. The program aims at reducing carbon dioxide emission. Energy saving, waste reduction, water permeability, water containment, ratio of green cover are key technologies for green building, green construction and ecological engineering, so these are all included in proposals and requirements. It is expected that resources are integrated and directed to the construction of ecological cities and cool down urban heat island. 
  In light of urban areas being most to blame for global warming, the program focuses its urban    reform plans on two municipalities, 5 cities, and other densely populated areas. The areas have higher priority for subsidy to construct ecological cities, from planning to final improvement. 
4. Give landscape consultants more authority and responsibility to improve landscape renovation quality
  Landscape consultants in different parts of Taiwan have different roles and achievements because local governments give them different roles and because of the restrictions of the Government Procurement Act. In general, landscape consultants are highly praised. In a time that stresses regional cooperation and integration, landscape consultants are particularly important because they are a platform for local governments, and they can effectively integrate all subsidies from central government agencies.
In landscape programs led by central or local government, landscape consultants decide the scope of development, provide integral professional counselling services and cross-industry supports. They are increasingly important to landscape programs. With regard to policy, the central government will continue to subsidize for the hiring of landscape consultants. Consultants are given more responsibilities in raising and executing proposals. Every year, at the joint consultant conferences, central government will gain a better understanding of the progress and effects of each program.

5. Respect community planners and community architects to revive local economy

  Landscape improvement programs have been implemented for many years and the public has acknowledged the expertise of community planners in the professional trade of environment renovation. The landscape programs not only offer room to develop the expertise of environment management, but also job opportunities and commercial opportunities. 
  In cooperation with new landscape improvement policy, trainings for community planners and architects will be subsidized to develop their capabilities and give them a more active role as this will also encourage more professionals to participate in community improvement. New policy requests local governments to put training results into practice, to encourage professionals to discover local tourist potential and enlist support. In this way, city identity will be more explicit and local governments will be granted more liberty, as a result tourist potential can be exploited. The landscape program can cooperate with employment program to derive economic benefit. The dependence of local governments on central government for resources will be reduced or eliminated. The revenues can subsidize subsequent programs.


Supportive measures
1. International exchange: elevate Taiwan’s profile and increase exposure
  Landscape improvement campaigned was started 9 years ago, and local governments have achieved significantly in identifying local features, development theme, project direction, targets and methods. In the past, landscape improvement relied on learning from other countries and importing their experiences or technologies. Taiwan has formed its own characteristics, and its experiences are good topics for international exchange, observation and exhibition. By taking part in international activities, the improved landscapes in Taiwan receive more exposure and publicity.

2. National landscape renovation competition
  To encourage and reward organizations or individuals that integrate landscape values into environment renovation, national competition will be organized every other year. This will raise the awareness for environment renovation and honor the organizations and individuals committed to the environment.

3.English websites: experience sharing and international connection
  To expand future landscape programs, the Construction and Planning Agency of the Ministry of the Interior will provide more information on its website and make it more functional by real-time maintenance and management. The website will become platforms for international connection, experience sharing and learning resource provision.

4.Exchange, observation, conference, and exhibition
  Education is the key to transforming landscape campaign into social movement. Courses, training, and observation will be organized to provide learning opportunities for participants in landscape improvement programs.

5. Albums in Chinese and English
  Albums collecting landscape renovation cases will be published on an irregular basis to document program process, results, and experience. This can pass down knowledge and advertise for Taiwan in the international community.

 Visitor: 1795  Update: 2009-04-28 Top | Print | Previous | Forward |